Snake Removal in Houston, TX
One reason that many people become frightened when they find a snake is because snakes are difficult to correctly identify.
There are many good reference books available to help recognize snakes, but all too often the snake is killed before it is identified. Of the 116 species of snakes found in the United States, only 19 are dangerous, including 15 rattlesnakes, two moccasins (copperhead and cottonmouth), and two coral snakes. Coral snakes are in the Family Elapidae. All the others belong to the viper family (Viperidae) and the "pit viper" subfamily (Crotalinae).
There are three ways to tell pit vipers (rattlesnakes, copperheads, and cottonmouths) from all non-venomous snakes in the United States.
Pit vipers have the following:
- A deep pit between the eye and the nostril.
- The pupil (black part of the eye) is vertically elliptical; in bright light it may be almost a vertical line.
- The scales on the underside of the tail go all the way across.
- In some cases, the very tip of the tail may have two rows. All non-venomous snakes native to the U.S. have two rows of scales on the underside of the tail from the vent (anus) to the tip.
Coral snakes have round pupils and their head is not distinctly wider than their neck, nor V-shaped. In the U.S., coral snakes are ringed with red, yellow and black. The red and yellow rings always touch, and the tip of the head (snout) is black. The coral snake's markings can be easily confused with non-venomous species, such as King Snakes, but the following saying can help ID native coral snakes: "Red on yellow, kill a fellow; red on black, friend of Jack."